What is it?
Textual analysis is a research method in which the content of communication is closely analysed; but not describing the structure of the content. This can include media texts like films, radio adverts etc.
The areas to analyse include:
The reason why the Director uses a particular shot type, angle or effect. For example:
Shot Types- ES (establishing shot), LS (long shot), MS (medium shot), CU (close up), ECU (extreme close up), 2S (two shot), OS (over the shoulder shot), and POV (point of view).
Camera Angles- Birds eye view, worms eye view, high angle, low angle, canted angle, low angle.
Camera Motion- Zoom, track, pan, tilt,and whip pan.
Camera Effects- Depth of field, focus (shallow focus or pull focus).
This will be analysing the impact of the way in which audio techinques has been used, for instance:
- Diegetic and Non- diegetic
- Voice over
- Sound effects
- Asynchronus sound
- Sound bridge
- Mood music
- Pathetic fallacy
How the the syle and pace of the editing has been used, and the effect created on the audience.
- Cut away
- Jump cut
- Cross cutting
- Shot reverse shot
- Continuity and discontinuity editing
- Graphic match
- Time lapse
- Slow motion
- Colour correction
What the elements in the background tell the audience; including:
- Coulour filters
- Make up
- High key and low key lighting