What is it?

Textual analysis is a research method in which the content of communication is closely analysed; but not describing the structure of the content. This can include media texts like films, radio adverts etc.

The areas to analyse include:


The reason why the Director uses a particular shot type, angle or effect. For example:

Shot Types- ES (establishing shot), LS (long shot), MS (medium shot), CU (close up), ECU (extreme close up), 2S (two shot), OS (over the shoulder shot), and POV (point of view).

Camera Angles- Birds eye view, worms eye view, high angle, low angle, canted angle, low angle.

Camera Motion- Zoom, track, pan, tilt,and whip pan.

Camera Effects- Depth of field, focus (shallow focus or pull focus).



This will be analysing the impact of the way in which audio techinques has been used, for instance:

  • Diegetic and Non- diegetic
  • Voice over
  • Dialogue
  • Sound effects
  • Asynchronus sound
  • Sound bridge
  • Mood music
  • Pitch
  • Rhythm
  • Pathetic fallacy


How the the syle and pace of the editing has been used, and the effect created on the audience.

  • Cut away
  • Cut
  • Jump cut
  • Cross cutting
  • Shot reverse shot
  • Montage
  • Continuity and discontinuity editing
  • Graphic match
  • Time lapse
  • Transitions
  • Slow motion
  • Suuperimpose
  • Colour correction


mise en scene.png

What the elements in the background tell the audience; including:

  • Coulour filters
  • Settings
  • Location
  • Position
  • Characters
  • Costumes
  • Make up
  • High key and low key lighting